Task Force Recommendations on technical Items to move towards a WMD Free Zone in the Middle East

An Introduction to Biorisk Management and Dual Use in the Life Sciences
by Zabta K. Shinwari, Giulio M. Mancini and William J. Pinard
Quaid-i-Azam University, Landau Network Centro Volta and Sandia National Laboratories

This volume is one of the most relevant results of a cooperative effort among Quaid-i-Azam University, Landau Network Centro Volta, and Sandia National Laboratories and is aimed to provide the Pakistani life-sciences academic community with better instruments for education on managing biorisk anddual-use issues.

The joint project which produced this volume also assessed the current awareness of these emerging topics among young scientists in Pakistan, with a survey on hundreds of students and young practictioners in the life sciences in almost 40% of the institutes offering higher education in the life sciences in the country.

The volume provides a collection of educational materials and an introduction to the various aspects of biorisk management, tailored to the needs and interests of the Pakistani scientific contexts and levels. Information include the laboratory risk management, biosafety and biosecurity concepts, scientific case studies, historical overview, bioethics on dual use, legal and regulatory aspects, management principles and reference documents.


Table of Contents:

  • Preface
  • Message by Javaid r. Laghari, Ph.D Chairman, Higher Education Commission, Pakistan
  • Message from Dr. Masoom Yasinzai, Vice-chancellor, Quaid-i-Azam University, Pakistan
  • Message from Prof. Maurizio Martellini, Secretary General, Landau Network-Centro Volta, Italy
  • Message from Jennifer Gaudioso, International Biological Threat Reduction, Sandia National Laboratories, USA
  • Introduction
  • Foreword: Biotechnology in Pakistan – by Dr Anwar Nasim
  • Survey on Awareness and Opinions on Biosecurity and Dual Use among Pakistani Life Sciences Students
  • Concepts and Definitions
  • The Threats and the Risks
  • Biosafety Measures and Standards
  • Dual Use Risks and the Responsibility of Scientists
  • National Legislation Compared
  • The International Prohibition Regime of Biology Misuse
  • Glossary
  • Acknowledgements
  • Contributors
  • Bibliography and References

Edited in Como (Italy), Islamabad (Pakistan), and Albuquerque (United States) in 2011.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.


Landau Network-Centro Volta
Landau Network-Centro Volta is a non-profit and non-governmental organization operating as a global network of international experts supporting global science cooperation, security, and disarmament. Its programmes include research on scientific and technologic cooperation for global peace support, international security, and policy issues; worldwide disarmament of Weapons of Mass Destruction; and water and energy security. LNCV is also the seat of the Executive Secretariat of the International Working Group (IWG), an informal think-tank of experts and officials sharing their personal capacities.

Quaid-i-Azam University
Quaid-i-Azam University was established as the University of Islamabad under an Act of National Assembly passed in July 1967. The University of Islamabad was renamed Quaid-i-Azam University in 1976 during centennial celebrations in honor of the founder of Pakistan. The University is recognized in Pakistan and abroad as an institution of high academic standards, with its graduates accepted by universities and research facilities worldwide. The University collaborates with research institutions in the United States, Europe, and South Asia, and publishes more scientific articles than any other university in the nation. Quaid-i-Azam University graduates approximately 2000 trained M. Sc, M. Phil, and PhDs annually. At present the University has three faculties, Natural Sciences, Biological Sciences, and Social Sciences, in addition to the Centers of Excellence and Institutes that include Gender Studies, the National Institute of Pakistan Studies, the National Institute of Psychology, the Area Study Center, the Computer Center, and the Taxila Institute of Asian Civilization.

Sandia National Laboratories
Sandia National Laboratories develops innovative, science-based solutions to solve the most challenging national and global security proliferation and terrorism threats to United States (U.S.) national security through global technical engagement. Since 1999, the International Biological Threat Reduction (IBTR) programme, a division of Sandia’s Global Security Programs, has worked to advance international threat reduction goals by promoting safe, secure, and responsible use of dangerous biological agents around the globe. IBTR leverages advanced technical resources and expertise, coupled with strategic alliances, to meet its core objectives. In cooperation with U.S. agencies, host country governments, and other international partners, IBTR promotes sustainable and transparent bioscience capacity, while identifying and reducing global biological threats. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energ’s National Nuclear Security Administration contract IDE -AC04-94AL85000. SAND Numbers: 2011-8634 P, 2011-6154 P.